County Populations 1801-1891

© Crown Copyright. Reproduced by kind permission of the ONS

County Census figures from each Decennial Report
ENGLAND 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Bedfordshire 63,393 70,213 84,052 95,483 107,936 124,478     149,473  
Berkshire       145,389   170,065     218,363  
Bucks       146,529   163,723     176,323  
Cambridgeshire       143,955   185,405     185,594  
Cheshire       334,391   455,725     644,037  
Cornwall       300,938   355,558     330,686  
Cumberland       169,681   195,492     250,647  
Derbyshire       237,170   296,084     461,914  
Devonshire       494,478   567,098     603,595  
Dorsetshire       159,252   184,207     191,028  
Durham       253,910   390,997     867,258  
Essex       317,507   369,318     576,434  
Gloucestershire       387,019   458,805     572,433  
Hampshire       314,280   405,370     593,470  
Herefordshire       111,211   115,489     121,062  
Hertfordshire       143,341   167,298     203,069  
Huntingdonshire       53,192   64,183     59,491  
Kent       479,155   615,766     977,706  
Lancashire       1,336,854   2,031,236     3,454,441  
Leicestershire       197,003   230,308     321,258  
Lincolnshire       317,465   407,222     469,919  
London       -   -     -  
Middlesex       152,888   1,886,576     2,920,485  
Monmouthshire       98,130   157,418     211,267  
Norfolk       390,054   442,714     444,749  
Northamptonshire       179,336   212,380     272,555  
Northumberland       222,912   303,568     434,086  
Nottinghamshire       225,327   270,427     391,815  
Oxfordshire       152,156   170,439     179,559  
Rutland       19,385   22,983     21,434  
Shropshire       222,938   229,341     248,014  
Somerset       404,200   443,916     469,109  
Staffordshire       410,512   608,716     981,013  
Suffolk       296,317   337,215     356,893  
Surrey       219,835   683,082     1,436,899  
Sussex       272,340   336,844     490,505  
Warwickshire       336,610   475,013     737,339  
Westmorland       55,041   58,287     64,191  
Wiltshire       240,156   254,221     258,965  
Worcestershire       211,365   276,926     380,283  
Yorks-E Riding       204,253   220,983     315,460  
Yorks-City           36,303     -  
Yorks-N Riding       190,756   215,214     346,260  
Yorks-W Riding       976,350   1,325,495     2,224,844  
sub-totals           16,921,888     24,613,926  
                     
WALES 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Anglesey       48,325   57,327     51,416  
Brecknockshire       47,763   61,474     57,746  
Caernarvonshire       66,448   87,870     119,349  
Cardiganshire       64,780   70,796     70,270  
Carmarthenshire       100,740   110,632     124,864  
Denbighshire       83,629   92,583     111,740  
Flintshire       60,012   68,156     80,587  
Glamorganshire       126,612   231,849     511,433  
Merionethshire       35,315   38,843     52,038  
Montgomeryshire       66,482   67,335     65,718  
Pembrokeshire       81,425   94,140     91,824  
Radnorshire       24,651   24,716     23,528  
sub-totals           1,005,721     1,360,513  
SCOTLAND 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Aberdeenshire           212,032     267,990  
Angusshire           -     266,360  
Argyllshire           89,298     76,468  
Ayrshire           189,858     217,519  
Banffshire           54,171     62,736  
Berwickshire           36,297     35,392  
Buteshire           16,608     17,657  
Caithness-shire           38,709     38,865  
Clackmannanshire           22,951     25,680  
Dumfriesshire           78,123     76,140  
Dunbartonshire           45,103     75,333  
East Lothianshire           -     38,502  
Edinburgh           259,435     -  
Elgin           38,959     -  
Fifeshire           153,546     171,931  
Forfar           191,264     -  
Haddington           36,386     -  
Inverness-shire           96,500     90,454  
Kincardineshire           34,598     34,464  
Kinross-shire           8,924     6,697  
Kirkudbrightshire           43,121     42,127  
Lanarkshire           530,169     904,412  
Linlithgow           30,135     -  
Midlothianshire           -     389,164  
Morayshire           -     43,783  
Nairnshire           9,956     10,455  
Orkney           31,455     32,044  
Peebleshire           10,738     13,822  
Perthshire           138,660     129,007  
Renfrewshire           161,091     263,374  
Ross & Cromarty           82,707     78,547  
Roxburghshire           51,642     53,442  
Selkirkshire           9,809     25,564  
Shetland           31,078     29,705  
Stirlingshire           86,237     112,443  
Sutherlandshire           25,793     23,370  
West Lothianshire           -     43,510  
Wigtownshire           43,389     38,611  
sub-totals           2,888,742     3,735,568  
IRELAND 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Antrim - -       360,204        
Armagh - -       196,084        
Carlow - -       68,078        
Cavan - -       174,064        
Clare - -       212,440        
Cork - -       649,308        
Donegal - -       255,158        
Down - -       320,817        
Dublin - -       405,147        
Fermanagh - -       116,047        
Galway - -       321,684        
Kerry - -       238,254        
Kildare - -       95,723        
Kilkenny - -       158,748        
Laoighis (Queens) - -       111,664        
Leitrim - -       111,897        
Limerick - -       262,132        
Londonderry - -       192,022        
Longford - -       82,348        
Louth - -       107,662        
Mayo - -       274,499        
Meath - -       140,748        
Monaghan - -       141,823        
Offaly (Kings) - -       112,076        
Roscommon - -       173,436        
Sligo - -       128,515        
Tipperary - -       331,567        
Tyrone - -       255,661        
Waterford - -       164,035        
Westmeath - -       111,407        
Wexford - -       180,158        
Wicklow - -       98,979        
                     
Armed Forces abroad 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Royal Navy                 21,493  
Royal Marines                 3,612  
Merchant Navy                 120,649  
Army Overseas                 94,251  
sub-total                 240,005  
Islands in the British Seas 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Isle of Man     40,081 41,000 47,975 52,387     53,558  
Jersey     28,600 36,582 47,544 57,020     52,445  
Guernsey     20,302 24,349 26,649 29,757     32,607  
Adjacent Islands     525 1,779 1,872 3,962     2,650  
sub-total     89,508 103,710 124,040 143,126 0 0 141,260 0